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Account
A database field in a computer associated with the management of a
user's value.

Account Name
A
string that identifies a user to a keypad. A user's account name may be associated with, or the same as, his or her UserID. See Client (re law offices).

Account Number
An unseen field on a
card that identifies a user to a card reader or a computer. A user's account number may be associated with, or the same as, his or her UserID.

AccumaVendTM Technology
Refers to the ability of TekVend
coin-ops to accept money even while vending images.

Alpha
Refers to the Copicode AlphaTM, a
keypad sold by TekVend.

Analog
Referring to a
copier, a method of creating copies using conventional optics.

Attribute
A quality of an
image, such as size, color vs black and white, or magnification.

Bill Validator
A device for validating and stacking paper currency (bills). See
coin and bill types.

Bypass
A way to allow free vends of
images. In coin-ops, this is usually accomplished by means of a keyswitch, but it may also be accomplished by inserting a coupon in a bill validator.

Card
A plastic or cardboard device for storing and porting
value. Cards come in two varieties: magnetic and smart. Magnetic cards store value (and possibly other information) on magnetic stripes on their back. They are inserted into card readers to allow for (and account for) the making of images. Since unused value stays on the card, the value can be ported (or moved) from one copier or printer to another (otherwise unconnected) copier or printer.

Magnetic cards come in two varieties: reloadable (plastic) or throwaway (cardboard). Reloadable cards can be revalued up to a fixed number of transactions, whereas throwaway cards can be valued only once.

Smart cards are functionally the same as magnetic cards, except that they use embedded chips instead of magnetic stripes to store value (and possibly other information).

Magnetic or smart cards used in image control are sometimes called debit cards, and are almost always proprietary, meaning that unlike credit cards, they cannot be read by any device, other than what they were manufactured for. Some cards can be used to sort copier use privilege by group number, as well as identify the user by an account number.

When new (virginal) cards are initialized for value in a card reader, they acquire the first group number resident in the card reader.

Card Reader
A
controller that accepts cards for the purpose of vending (or accounting for) imaging activity. Value can be added to new (virginal) or previously used (but reloadable) cards using an Administration card or a coin-op.

Card Station
A computer where
value can be added to a card locally, and where value can be transferred between a card and a user's computer account. See print release station.

Cassette
A paper tray in a
copier or printer, distinguished by the paper's size. Typical US paper sizes are letter (8.5 in x 11 in.), legal (8.5 in. x 14 in.), and ledger (11 in. x 17 in.).

Changer
The device within a
coin-op that discriminates, stores and pays out various coin types such as nickel, dime, quarter, and dollar coin. Most changers come with three self replenishing payout tubes (nickel, dime and quarter), but some come with five payout tubes (various coin type selections), three of which are self-replenishing. Some changers accept only US coins, while others can accept US or Canadian coins. Still other changers accept (and pay out) foreign coins. These are usually from payout tube changers.

Client (re computers)
A
terminal or workstation that is tied in one or more ways to one or more servers.

Client (re law offices)
Referring to
keypads, a field used with the language "lawyer" to organize imaging activity for third party (client) billing purposes.

Codes
The set (sum) of all
account names (or equivalent) and jobs (or equivalent).

Coin and Bill Types
Refers to a monetary denomination. US coin types are penny, nickel, dime quarter, 50 cent piece and dollar coin. Canadian coin types are the same, except that there is no 50 cent piece, and there is a two dollar coin. US bill types accepted in TekVend coin-ops vary depending on the model, but all include at least some (if not all) of the following: $1, $2, $5, $10 and $20 bill. See
SmartCoinTM Technology.

Coin-op
A
controller possessing a combination of a changer and possibly a bill validator and/or card reader. Coin-ops vend imaging activity in exchange for value (from coin and bill types, or off a card). When a coin-op has a card reader in it, monetary value can be written to new (virginal) or previously used (but reloadable) cards.

Configuration Data
Account names, jobs, quotas, or the equivalent of these, that are stored in keypads to control imaging activity on copiers and printers.

Controller
A device for controlling a
copier or printer. Controllers generally exchange value for images. Controllers can be classified either by type or logical status. There are three common types of controllers: keypads, coin-ops and card readers. The logical status of a controller can be terminal, standalone or both (hybrid).

Copier
A device for making
copies. A copier can be analog or digital. A digital copier is often a printer as well, and may have other functions (see mopier).

Copier Control Mode
Refers to a choice of hookup in pulse-enable
protocol. In mode A, individual pairs of pulse wires are used for each cassette vended. In mode B, a single pair of wires is used for all cassettes vended, and user cassette selection is indicated by a steady electrical status signal. In general, mode A hookups are frowned upon, because they are difficult to implement, and because cheating is possible.

Copy
An
image made on a copier.

Copy Type
Refers to a classification of
copy by attributes. For example, letter black and white, or ledger color. Impressions made on printers can also be classified in this way. See image type.

Coupon
A piece of scrip (paper) that functions like a bill in a
bill validator. Coupons are used for free vends, for promotional, guest or other purposes. Coupons can be accounted for separately from bills.

Credit
Value displayed on a controller. Sometimes called escrow.

CreditVendTM Technology
Referring to TekVend
coin-ops, the ability to vend more than one image at a time, if sufficient value has been inserted into the coin-op, and the coin-op is not in exact change mode.

Department
A database field associated with the management of
transaction data polled from keypads, networked or otherwise.

Digital
Referring to a
copier or printer, a method of creating images using laser or CCD scanning.

Disable
Referring to the state of a
copier or printer wherein images cannot be made.

Enable
Referring to the state of a
copier or printer wherein images can be made.

Escrow Till Vend
An expression referring to coin acceptance operation in
single vend coin-ops. In image control applications, single vend controllers are always single price. In single vend operation, coins are held (in escrow) for payback until the single vend price is met or exceeded. See exact change.

Ethernet
The actual cabling and PC boards associated with a
LAN. Ethernet compliant devices usually plug into a multiport ethernet hub.

Exact Change
Refers to a low change situation that occasionally occurs for
Multi-vend controllers, where the controller acts like a single vend controller and accepts only coin types that will meet but not exceed the vend price for the copy type selected.

Group
A set (or group) of
users identified by a group number on those users' cards.

Group Number
A singular field on a
card and a multiple field (typically 3, but extendable to 10) in a card reader that determines whether a particular user can use a particular copier or printer. Group numbers can be used to create pricing profiles for certain applications.

Hybrid
Refers to
keypads that are networked but function standalone most of the time. Hybrid keypads are polled perhaps once a day, meaning that once a day, transaction data is uploaded from the networked keypads to a computer and configuration data is downloaded from the computer to the networked keypads.

Image
A
copy or an impression.

Image Control
The process by which the making of
images is limited by a controller external to a printer or copier.

Image Type
Refers to a classification of an
image by attributes. See copy type.

Imaging Activity
The tallying of
images (copies and/or impressions) made by a user, group, department, etc.

Impression
An
image made on a network or local printer. This term is used in offset printing as well.

Internet
A wide area
network of address connected computers spanning the globe.

Job
Referring to
keypads, a field against which imaging activity can be charged. With keypads, imaging activity is always charged against accounts (UserIDs), but can also be charged as if performed jointly by multiple users (jobs). See project and matter.

Keypad
A
controller wherein one or more strings are entered to allow imaging activity to occur. Keypads store account names and/or jobs and quotas (or their equivalent) for the purpose of vending images against the account name and/or job quotas. See keypad operation mode.

Keypad Operation Mode
Refers to parameter settings made when an
Alpha is first set up, specifically whether an account name (or equivalent) only, or job (or equivalent) only, or both need be entered (and possibly compared to pre-entered configuration data) to vend (account for) imaging activity.

LAN
Stands for local area
network, and refers to ethernet wiring and connected devices not external to a location's router. LAN devices share the same subnet mask. Users of LAN workstations typically trust each other, and are therefore allowed to share files, printers and other network resources.

Language
A parameter setting in the
Alpha that determines what prompts are displayed thereon. The Alpha has special languages called "lawyer" and "university".

Matter
The same as a
job. This name of the job field corresponds to choosing the language "Lawyer" when setting up an Alpha keypad.

Maxima
The same as
quotas.

Maximum Credit
Referring to
coin-ops, this expression has two meanings. For money use, there is a maximum amount of credit that can be displayed on a TekVend coin-op. This maximum credit is used to dynamically accept or reject coin and bill types in order to conserve change. See SmartCoinTM Technology. For card use, maximum credit refers to the maximum amount of value on a card for the purpose of accepting or revaluing it.

Mopier
A multi-functional
image processing device. Most mopiers today copy, print, scan and fax.

Multi-price
Refers to
controllers that charge different prices for different image types. Some controllers are two price, some four price, some six price and some eight price. See pricing profiles.

Multi-vend
Same as
CreditVendTM.

Network
A collection of
servers, workstations, copiers, printers and controllers that are linked together.

Networked
Referring to
controllers, the opposite of standalone. Networked keypads can operate in terminal or hybrid logical status. Card readers are typically standalone only. Coin-ops can be standalone (for walk-up traffic), networked (for network traffic) or both (for both kinds of traffic).

Password
For
networks, a string that together with a UserID allows a user to log on to a computer. For keypads, a string that together with an account name (or equivalent) entered on the keypad allows a user to make walkup images on a copier or printer.

Preventative Maintenance
Refers to routine maintenance service calls scheduled to prevent a
copier's or printer's catastrophic failure.

Prices
Refers to the amount of
value deducted from (or accumulated within) a controller per image made of an image type. Prices can be decimal (like money), or units, depending on the controller parameter settings.

Pricing Profiles
Refers to pricing schemes whereby one
group of users is charged one set of prices for a set of image types, and another group of users is charged a different set of prices for that same set of image types.

Printer
A
digital device for printing impressions. Printers can be connected directly to a computer or directly to a network. A digital copier can simultaneously be a printer (for network traffic) as well as a copier (for walk-up traffic).

Print Release Station
A computer where
value can be transferred from a controller to a computer, or vice-versa, for the purpose of vending imaging activity, or adding value to an account.

Print Server
A
server devoted to the management of printers and their imaging activity.

Project
The same as a
job. This name of the job field corresponds to choosing the language "University" when setting up an Alpha keypad.

Protocol
A set of rules that define communication between two devices, e.g., a
copier (or printer) and a controller. Copiers (and some printers) are most often controlled by the pulse-enable protocol (which comes in two copier control modes), but can also be controlled via a serial protocol.

Additionally, the vending of impressions coming to printers from computer workstations occurs at print release stations comprised of controllers talking to computers using a serial protocol.

The extraction of value from a legacy (obsolete) controller, or the export of value from one controller to another may involve the use of another protocol called pulse-enable-reverse (PER).

Internal communication between peripherals in a controller often involve a serial protocol called multi-drop-bus (MDB).

Devices on a LAN typically communicate with each other using a high speed serial protocol called ethernet.

Polled
Refers to the scheduled process of transferring
transaction data and configuration data between a networked computer and an array of keypads connected both to copiers or printers and to a LAN. See hybrid.

Quotas
Limits imposed on
imaging activity. Quotas can be pegged to account names or jobs (or their equivalents).

Router
A computer that connects the
Internet to an institution's LAN.

Server
A computer on an
network that performs a centralized function, such as authentication of user, management of printers, etc.

Single Price
Refers to
controllers that charge one price for all image types.

Single Vend
Refers to legacy
coin-ops that vend one image per insertion of money.

SmartCoinTM Technology
Refers to the ability of TekVend
coin-ops to dynamically accept or reject coin and bill types, depending on the change available and the maximum credit allowed for the vend mode .

Sprig
A
copier or printer specific harness that adapts a controller to that copier or printer's hookup requirements.

Standalone
Refers to
controllers that are not networked.

String
A sequence of alphanumeric characters. In
image control, for keypads and some card readers, a string is sometime used to create, identify or verify an account name (UserID, client) or job (project, matter). Characters can be letters (A through Z), or digits (0 through 9).

Terminal
Refers to a
keypad with no intrinsic functionality that is controlled completely by a remote or local computer. Also refers to a computer on a network that has no (or a very small) hard drive, and so functions at the behest of (as a slave of) another client computer or server.

Traffic
Refers to the directed source of an
image. If an image is an impression coming out of a printer, it is called network traffic. If an image is a copy coming out of a copier, it is called walk-up traffic.

Transaction
A
vend cycle in a controller.

Transaction Data
Statistical data stored in
controllers that are associated with imaging activity.

User
An individual responsible for some
imaging activity. Users can be anonymous or known. An anonymous user may be trusted or untrusted. Trusted users typically are billed after the fact (say, from a budget), whereas untrusted users "pay as they go".

UserID
Referring to
keypads, a field used with the language "University" to identify a user. Same as account name.

Referring to networks, a string that together with a password allows a user to log on to a computer.

Value
What is charged for or accumulated when an
image is made. Value can be real, as in monetary value stored a) inside a coin-op, or b) on a card, or virtual, as in accounting value stored a) in a computer, b) in a keypad, or c) on some account cards.

Value Adder and Dispenser
A
standalone vault that dispenses and values new (virginal) and previously used (but reloadable) cards. See card station.

Vend Cycle
A cycle of zero
credit to non-zero credit to zero credit on a controller. Equivalently, a cycle of disable to enable to disable on a controller.

Vend Mode
Referring to
coin-ops, there are three vend modes: vending by money, vending by card, and bypass vending. If money is inserted into a TekVend coin-op, a card will not be accepted until the vend cycle is completed. If a card is inserted into a TekVend coin-op, any unused money inserted thereafter during the vend cycle is posted back to the card upon card ejection and completion of vend cycle. Bypass vend mode means that images can be made for free, because the bypass (or free vend) key is being used, or a coupon was inserted in the coin-op's bill validator.

Workstation
A PC or MAC or Linux / Unix computer with hard drive functioning as a
client on a network.

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